Monday, September 23, 2013

Solar Tracking System

To implement a solar tracking system which will automatically track sun’s position to increase the efficiency of solar system. The GSM facility is provided within the system which helps the user to monitor the system from anywhere in the world.

Photovoltaic’s is the field of technology and research related to the application of solar cells as solar energy. Solar cells have many applications. Individual cells are used for powering small devices such as electronic calculators. Photovoltaic arrays generate a form of renewable electricity, particularly useful in situations where electrical power from the grid is unavailable such as in remote area power systems, Earth-orbiting satellites and space probes, remote radiotelephones and water pumping applications. Photovoltaic electricity is also increasingly deployed in grid-tied electrical systems.

 Solar Energy has been the power supply of choice for Industrial applications, where power is required at remote locations. Most systems in individual uses require a few kilowatts of power. The examples are powering repeater stations for microwave, TV and radio, telemetry and radio telephones. Solar energy is also frequently used on transportation signaling e.g.  lighthouses and increasingly in road traffic warning signals. Solar's great benefit here is that it is highly reliable and requires little maintenance so it's ideal in places that are hard to get to.

While the output of solar cells depends on the intensity of sunlight and the angle of incidence, it means to get maximum efficiency; the solar panels must remain in front of sun during the whole day. But due to rotation of earth those panels can’t maintain their position always in front of sun. This problem results in decrease of their efficiency. Thus to get a constant output, an automated system is required which should be capable to constantly rotate the solar panel. The Solar Tracking System is made as a prototype to solve the problem, mentioned above. It is completely automatic and keeps the panel in front of sun where we get maximum output.

1 comment:

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