Dielectric Susceptibility of a Material:
The finding of the dielectric susceptibility has provided enough chances to the engineers to make some ultra-equipped and highly sensitive technological and electronic devices. This discovery is a result of the effect of electric field on a nanostructure of lead zirconate. This specific feature of any material is supposed to be a boon for nanostructures. The importance of this innovation has been widely hailed as it has opened up many doors of making tiny but effective electronic devices.
Detection Systems Based on Quantum-entanglement Effect:
Entanglement, a unique feature of quantum physics, is well set to be used in future detection and imaging systems. It is said to be more efficient and accurate than those of many detection system available these days. This mechanism could work spreading entangled beams of light on any object. This could make a very detailed, fair and accurate image of the object being detected. This mechanism is supposed to work on the same principle which is applied to detect planes at airforce stations and airports.
These microbatteries could be only half the size of a human cell. Interestingly, these would be made of viruses. This rare innovation is set to provide us a relief from heavy 9-volts batteries and other models. This technology involves the use of microcontact printing. This printing fabricates and position microbattery electrodes. Further, it is probably the first use of virus in this field. These batteries could be used in a series of fields such as computers, cell phones and medical equipments which are implantable.
Precise Pattern Micro-chip:
This innovation is supposed to bring microchip technology at its peak. This system works when some molecules are made to assemble themselves into precise patterns. A self-assembling molecular system which is called block copolymers was known for many years. This system was not very effective as it could produce a molecular-orders or patterns in a very limited way via self-assembling. Thus to make it more equipped and advanced, this "limited self-assembly" was made to combine with conventional lithographic chip-making technology. These lithographic patterns cause a tight-hold over self-assembling molecules. Thus they become more structured.
High-Power Solar Concentrators:
As the initial research has proved to be fruitful, there are chances that in coming years we will see a sort of solar concentrator, which would be more efficient than the contemporary solar concentrators. The most striking part of this innovation is that it brings huge amount of solar light to the solar cells that too without tracking the sun. Though it showed only 92 percent of stability during the research, it is supposed to guarantee a 100 percent stability till it arrives in the market.
Smart Optical Microchips:
Days are not far way when we could see a microchip not running by electricity but by light itself. This microchip is set to utilize a complete and unorthodox functional system. This chip may be capable of being adjusted to the "amount of bandwidth available in an optical network." Also this chip may " automatically process signals flowing through fiber-optic networks, without using any electrical power."
New Analog Circuits:
These much optimized and latest analog circuits may one day eliminate all the operational amplifiers. However, it is said that it would be as useful as the existing operational amplifier-based circuits. The scientists call these analog circuits as comparator-based switched capacitor (CBSC) circuits. They are said to be more user-friendly and power efficient as they are well equipped to handle voltages in a much better way. This is being termed as something which can give a new dimension to the consumer electronics.
III-V Compound Semiconductors:
These are the latest in the line of semiconductors. These semiconductors, specified as composite materials, can squeeze the size of existing transistors to an unbelievable smaller size, so far heard only. The electrons travel many times faster in these composite materials than they could travel in silicon. Indium gallium arsenide, or InGaAs is one of those composite materials which allow the electrons to move at their fastest. The size of an InGaAs transistor is not more than 60 nanometers and it is capable of carrying 2.5 times more current than the conventional silicon transistors.
Wireless Energy Transmitter:
The wireless energy transmitter would be able to recharge laptops, cellphones and other small devices without coming in actual physical contact of these devices. Amazingly, they would recharge such things from few meters away. The installation of only one such device would enough to supply power to almost all the laptops and cellphones being used in the home. It works by surrounding the devices making a non-radioactive electromagnetic field instead of transmitting electromagnetic waves. The interesting aspect of this device is that it reabsorbs the energy remains unused by the devices.