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Wednesday, April 8, 2015
Top 10 Mini/Major Electrical and Electronic Projects for Final Year Engineering Students
Electrical and electronic projects in conjunction with a specific application always provide enthusiasm for the students in selecting their final year EEE projects. The following are a few of those projects:
1. Electric Poles Climbing Robot with RF Remote Control
In this project, a special gripping mechanism helps the robot to climb the electric poles that carry power lines. The robot is controlled either remotely or wirelessly by the RF control in such a way that after reaching the destination it performs the desired task. This robot uses a special set of motors to run over the pole structure. A battery power supply provides energy for the entire circuit.
2. Human Powered Wireless Charger for Low-Power Mobile Electronic Devices
This is a renewable energy generating system used to charge low powered mobiles by harvesting energy from the human knees. This system is attached to the human knees. While walking, kinetic energy is converted to electrical energy, and this energy is transferred to the mobile charging device wirelessly.
Smart Traffic Control
3. Smart Traffic Control System Using PLC and SCADA
By using Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC’s) and SCADA HMI, both controlling and monitoring of traffic is possible with this system. This system is proposed to create a smart way to control the traffic of vehicles at toll gates and other parking areas.
Based on the density of vehicles, this system automates the parking of vehicles. In this system, the PLCs control the traffic signals while calculating the traffic density, and the SCADA system monitors the traffic density.
4. Forest Fire Detection Using Optimized Solar-Powered Zigbee Wireless Sensor Networks
This project is developed to prevent the forest fire that leads to dire consequences. The system uses field sensors, embedded circuit and wireless technology. A solar energy system with a maximum power point-tracking algorithm is also implemented in this system.
This system also detects any abnormal prowling and rain. It uses LabView software to monitor all the field parameters, embedded circuit for detection and processing, and wireless Zigbee technology for remote control operation.
5. PC Based Digital Notice Board with Display on LCD Display Using RS-485
This proposed project displays the information from a PC in a scrolling manner. The LCD display systems are placed at different places and are connected through RS-485 communication protocol network. A Microcontroller controls the overall operation by receiving the information from the PC, and then sends that data to the LCD display systems through RS-485 network.
6. Anti Theft Control System Design Using Embedded System
Vehicle Anti-Theft Control
This system is a motor vehicle’s anti-theft device. It is an embedded chip attached to the vehicle with an inductive proximity sensor. This sensor senses the insertion of the key, and also sends the message to the owner’s mobile informing the owner of the vehicle that the vehicle is under heist by the robbers.
The anti-theft control system prompts the user to enter password before starting the vehicle engine. Therefore, if a user enters the password more than thrice, it automatically sends the information to the police station. Moreover, the fuel injector instantly gets deactivated and the person finds himself locked inside the vehicle as the door-locking system enables permanently.
Home Energy Management
7. Green Home Energy Management System through Comparison of Energy Usage between the Similar Types of Home Appliances
The main aim of this project is to compare the energy usage between similar types of appliances by using Green Home Energy Management System technology. With this system, we can not only observe the hourly, daily or monthly energy consumption of various home appliances, but also can notice the state of that device whether it is ‘switch on’ or ‘switch off’.
The monitoring and controlling system of this device is possible by Zigbee wireless technology. The Microcontroller of this device is programmed to act like a controller to control home appliances by receiving the commands from the Zigbee Module.
8. Simulation of Anti-Collision System for Railways
This system completely eliminates the possibility of a collision between trains on the same track. It identifies a train’s position, the collision occurrence indications, and also alerts the control-grid stations in advance.
The anti-collision system uses RS-485 communication system as a long distance communication medium, a microcontroller to process the data and wireless communication protocol and to send alert signals to remote control areas. A Proteus virtual system modeling software is used to simulate the entire project along with a compressed type of load cell, which is used as a pressure sensor.
9. User Friendly Fuzzy Logic based Farm Automation Using Arduino and Lab view with Xbee based Control System
The main objective of this project is to reduce the stress on manual labor to maintain the farms. It comprises various sensors to sense parameters like humidity, temperature, soil moisture, lighting and water levels.
Zigbee control sends all these field parameters to a monitoring area or level. Arduino development board receives these signals and sends them to the LabView software. LabView with fuzzy logic module processes these parameters and sends the controlling signals back to the field area where all the output devices are placed like the drip system, water sprayer, artificial lighting and display systems.
10. Arduino based Child Rescuer from Bore-Well
This is proposed to rescue children trapped inside a bore well. It is composed of an inflatable bladder with a high-pixel camera, which is carefully inserted beneath the child trapped inside the borewell.
This system uses Arduino-development board to process the overall operation, a compressor to fill the bladder with air, and a HMI system to monitor the entire process. Once the bladder is inserted and inflated, the Arduino system controls the motor in such a way that a pulley is operated to bring back the child.
These are a few of some real time application-based electrical and electronic projects.